The type of injuries sustained in a car accident will depend on the speed of the vehicles, if the vehicle occupants were properly restrained, whether the airbags deployed, and where the impact occurred. However, injuries can often be grouped into a few basic categories.
Car accident amputation can be the result of a body part being crushed under a vehicle or an infection that occurs during the healing process. Amputation can involve the fingers, toes, hands, feet, or an entire limb. Older people are most at risk for this type of car accident injury, while younger people who experience an amputation may have more difficulty adjusting to the changes it poses in their daily routine.
Broken bones in the arms or legs, as well as pelvic fractures and fractures to the sternum or ribs, can be a result of the impact of the accident. Fractures are classified according to the pattern of the break and whether the bone punctures the skin. Most can be treated with casts, but surgery may be needed in severe cases.
Internal bleeding is characterized by abdominal pain, swelling, lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting. Signs of internal bleeding aren't always immediately apparent after a car accident, but this is a serious injury that can result in organ damage or death if left untreated. Victims often need surgery to correct the problem.
Soft Tissue Injuries
Soft tissue injuries are those which cause damage to the muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Common examples of soft tissue injuries include sprains, strains, whiplash, and herniated/bulging disks. Braces, splints, and pain medication are the most common treatment for this type of injury. Most victims will fully recover, but some may be left with chronic pain.
Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal cord injuries can have severe consequences, including pain, incontinence, and paralysis. These can limit the victim's ability to work and live independently. A paraplegic is someone with paralysis of the legs and lower body, while a quadriplegic is someone with some degree of paralysis in all four limbs and the torso. Someone with serious spinal cord injuries can easily incur millions of dollars in medical expenses over the course of his lifetime.
Traumatic Brain Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when extensive physical forces cause trauma to the brain. TBI symptoms can include speech impairment, headaches, balance problems, seizures, memory loss, difficulty concentrating, impaired judgment, impulsive behavior, and mood swings. A concussion is the mildest form of a TBI and will most often heal with mental and physical rest. More serious forms of a TBI can result in permanent cognitive impairment.
Car accident burns are becoming less common thanks to improved vehicle safety standards that reduce the risk of fire after a collision. Burns can lead to a need for skin grafts and reconstructive surgery. Infections can result if the wounds are not kept clean throughout the healing process.
Cuts and Scrapes
Cuts and scrapes can occur when your airbag deploys in the collision or if you're struck by flying glass or objects inside the vehicle. Most cuts and scrapes only require cleaning, antibiotic ointment, and a sterile bandage. However, more serious injuries might need stitches and have the potential for scarring.
Emotional injuries are often viewed as less serious than physical injuries, but they shouldn't be ignored. Depression, anxiety, insomnia, and other changes in mood or behavior may be signs of accident-related PTSD that requires therapy and/or medication for treatment. Children, those with a past history of mental illness, and people involved in accidents resulting in permanent disability or someone’s death are considered the most vulnerable.
Protecting Your Right to Compensation
If you've been injured in a car accident caused by another driver's negligence, you're entitled to compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering. Retaining the services of an experienced attorney is the best way to maximize your personal injury settlement. Please call today to schedule a free, no-obligation initial case review with the legal team at Champion Firm, P.C.