What is Traumatic Brain Injury

brain injuryTraumatic brain injury is an injury to the brain that usually occurs as a result of a sudden trauma. Examples of incidents that may cause TBI include piercing of the skull and brain tissue or sudden impact to the skull. These incidents may occur during a car accident, while playing a sport or because of a fall. In many cases, traumatic brain injuries lead to significant disabilities that may be temporary or permanent.

What are the Symptoms of TBI

All TBIs are different and may present a range of different symptoms. These symptoms vary according to the severity of the individual's brain damage. Some of the symptoms of mild TBI may include:

  • Loss of consciousness for no more than a few minutes
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Mood or behavioral disturbances
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Fatigue
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Problems with concentration, attention and/or memory

The symptoms of a moderate to severe TBI may include:

  • Any or all of the symptoms of mild TBI.
  • Persistent headache.
  • Agitation.
  • Restlessness.
  • Loss of coordination.
  • Confusion.
  • Numbness and/or weakness in the extremities.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Pupil dilation.
  • Seizures.
  • Convulsions.
  • Nausea and/or vomiting.
  • Difficulty awakening from sleep.

Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment

Traumatic brain injury is most common after a serious accident. Individuals who are experiencing any signs of traumatic brain injury after an accident should seek medical attention as soon as possible. Once a traumatic brain injury has occurred, medical professionals cannot do much to reverse the damage, but they can stabilize the patient in order to prevent the damage from worsening. Medical professionals will also be able to use imaging tests, such as computed tomography, to determine the extent of the damage to the victim's body and brain.

Once the patient is stabilized and recovered from any acute injuries, his or her medical team will develop a customized rehabilitation program designed to help the patient regain as much of his or her normal function as possible.

Do Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Always Recover

In some cases, patients with traumatic brain injury will recover. However, this is not always possible. Approximately 50 percent of patients must have surgery to repair contusions or hematomas in the brain. In addition, many patients with this condition develop disabilities that continue indefinitely, including problems with communication, sensory processing, cognition, mental health and more. In the worst cases, individuals with severe traumatic brain injuries may remain in an unresponsive state, vegetative state or coma.

Taking Legal Action

If you have been involved in an accident that led to traumatic brain injury, you may be entitled to damages in some cases. If another person or a company was responsible for the accident, this party should be held responsible for your medical bills, any wages you lost at work and the cost of any rehabilitation you need. If your traumatic brain injury will make it impossible for you to return to work and/or provide for yourself in the future, the damages owed may be even higher.

The state of Georgia requires all personal injury lawsuits, including those that involve traumatic brain injury, to be filed within a certain amount of time after the accident. Don't let this deadline pass. Contact The Champion Firm, P.C. today to learn more about filing a lawsuit.